Hemispheres is the sixth studio album by the Canadian rock band Rush, released in 1978. The album was recorded at Rockfield Studios in Wales. This album continues Rush's trend of using the fantasy and science fiction lyrics written by Neil Peart. Similar to their 1976 release, 2112, Hemispheres contains a single, epic song broken into chapters as the first half of the album (Cygnus X-1, Book II: Hemispheres) while the second half contains two more conventionally-executed tracks ("Circumstances", "The Trees"), then is rounded out by the nine-and-a-half-minute instrumental, "La Villa Strangiato". Side one: Hemispheres Though science fiction elements are not as prevalent on this album as some previous Rush releases, it contains many fantasy elements, notably those that relate to Greek mythology. Cygnus X-1 Book II: Hemispheres is partly a continuation of the last song on Rush's previous album, A Farewell to Kings (Cygnus X-1, Book I: The Voyage), in that the theme of Cygnus is revisited both lyrically and musically. However, the lyrical concepts used to continue the story on this album have shifted from that of science fiction to Greek mythology, which is represented in this case by the Apollo/Dionysus dichotomy. This mythology is a vehicle to explore yet another concept, one of pop psychology: more specifically, the differences between "left brain" and "right brain" thinking, hence the title of "Hemispheres". This theme was the basis for Friedrich Nietzsche's The Birth of Tragedy From the Spirit of Music, which may have been the source of inspiration for Peart's lyrics. The story of the side-long suite "Cygnus X-1 - Book II" begins with an expository lyric stating the cause of the current situation in the story being the competition of the gods Apollo and Dionysus for the "fate of man." Apollo is first shown wooing the people with "truth and understanding," "wit and wisdom fair" as "precious gifts beyond compare." The people delight in these gifts and commence to an "age of enlightenment," yet they feel something is missing, it has become an intellectual exercise divorced from human meaning. Dionysus enters the song at this stage with promises of "love" and suggests the people throw off the "chains of reason." The cities are abandoned and a Woodstock-like bacchanel commences, but the people, having abandoned reason, find themselves at the mercy of the elements. The people began to fight over the solution to their ills in an all-or-nothing approach (reason OR emotion). The world becomes divided into "sorry hemispheres" (hence the connection to the "pop" psychology of the right and left brain mythos.) The focus now shifts to the protagonist of "Cygnus X-1" from A Farewell to Kings. Acting on an old legend, he has piloted his ship directly into the black hole within the constellation Cygnus; he now emerges in Olympus, the home of the Greek gods, as a disembodied spirit. From here, he has a "god's-eye" view of the battle and can see that the people have divided themselves by a false dichotomy. His silent cry of terror is heard by all, even the gods themselves, who recognize the wisdom of his view and christen him Cygnus, the God of Balance. The suite closes with a short, quiet movement in which he relates his vision of how people should live: "With the heart and mind united/In a single perfect sphere." The album's cover depicts the conflict between the two gods, represented as men atop opposite halves (hemispheres) of a large human brain. Apollo is on the left side, wearing a black business suit and bowler hat and holding a cane, while the naked Dionysus beckons to him from the right side. Side two The track "Circumstances" appears to be an autobiographical account on Peart's part, with references to the time he spent living in England before moving back to Canada and joining Rush. "The Trees" is one of Rush's more popular songs. A fable told through fantasy lyrics, a forest suffers from the competition of tall oak trees and shorter maple trees for sunlight. In the end, no one wins as the "trees are all kept equal by hatchet, axe, and saw." The song's meaning is often debated by fans. One common interpretation is that the song is allegorical - descriptive of the relationship between Canada and the United States. In this reading, the Oaks represent the U.S.A., the Maples represent Canada, and the "forest" they share represents North America. (Consider that the oak is the most common species of tree in the U.S. (as the maple is in Canada) and that the maple leaf is part of the Canadian flag.) Peart has been quoted as saying that the lyrics for this song were inspired by a cartoon and that the song has no deep meaning, but also has said that it is about collectivism. "La Villa Strangiato" is an instrumental, exhibiting the musicianship of the band as a whole, as well as each member individually. One particularly humorous guitar riff in the song may pick at the listener's memory, though its origin may prove elusive for many people. It is in fact based upon a song composed by Raymond Scott in 1936, entitled Powerhouse. This song has been used extensively in various cartoons since the 1940s, no doubt where guitarist Alex Lifeson picked it up from. Hemispheres contains examples of Rush's adherence to progressive rock standards including the use of epic, multi-movement song structures, complex rhythms and time signatures, and flexible guitar solos, like those found in "La Villa Strangiato". Hemispheres was Rush's fourth consecutive Gold album upon release in 1978 and would subsequently go Platinum in the US. Hemispheres was, for a short period of time, released on red vinyl. The remastered CD edition contains a reproduction of the poster originally included with the album. When folded closed, the outside shows "Rush Hemispheres" text printed in red and yellow on a black background. Most copies have this insert placed behind the front cover in the CD case, but apparently some copies have this insert toward the front. Track listing All songs written by Alex Lifeson, Geddy Lee, and Neil Peart. Side one "Cygnus X-1 Book II: Hemispheres" – 18:05 I: Prelude – 4:27 II: Apollo - Bringer of Wisdom / III: Dionysus - Bringer of Love – 4:36 IV: Armageddon - The Battle of Heart and Mind – 2:55 V: Cygnus - Bringer of Balance – 5:01 VI: The Sphere - A Kind of Dream – 1:02  Side two "Circumstances" – 3:40 "The Trees" – 4:42 "La Villa Strangiato (An Exercise in Self-Indulgence)" – 9:34 Personnel Geddy Lee - bass guitars, vocals, Oberheim Polyphonic, Mini-Moog Synthesizers Alex Lifeson - electric, acoustic and classical guitars, Roland Guitar Synthesizers Neil Peart - drums, orchestra bells, bell-tree, tympani, gong, cowbells, temple blocks, wind chimes, crotales Pat Moran - recording engineer for music and overdubs Declan O'Doherty - recording engineer for vocals Terry Brown - mixing engineer Hugh Syme - art direction and graphics Bob King - art direction Yosh Inouye - cover photography Fin Costello - band and poster photograph Ray Staff - mastering on original album Bob Ludwig - remastering Charts Album - Billboard (North America) Year Chart Position 1978 Billboard's Pop Albums 47 Singles Cover Information "The Trees" Released: Written by: Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson & Neil Peart Produced by: Rush and Terry Brown Chart positions: "Circumstances" Released: Written by: Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson & Neil Peart Produced by: Rush and Terry Brown Chart positions: Remaster details A remaster was issued in 1997. The tray has a picture of star with man painting with THE RUSH REMASTERS printed in all caps just to the left. All remasters from Rush through to Permanent Waves are like this. This is just like the cover art of Retrospective I. The remastered CD has all of the original album cover art including the back cover and poster of the band which was missing on the original CD issue. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply.